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Open session with no changes for the UNTIL 100which begins the Thursday, September 22 session with a variation of the 0.11%until 3,249.43 points, after the start of the opening session. Regarding days gone by, the UNTIL 100 changes the meaning of the previous data, which saw a fall of 2.44%, as no clear trend could be observed lately.
Considering the past seven days, the UNTIL 100 notes a decline 3.38%; but year-on-year it’s still holding on to an increase 130.87%. That UNTIL 100 stands a 10.96% below its maximum this year (3,649.21 points) and a 75.51% above its previous minimum rating this year (1,851.38 points).
What is a stock index and what is it for?
a stock index is an indicator that shows how the price of a set of assets is changingi.e. data from different companies or sectors of a sub-market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of each country Each of them can be integrated by companies with different specificities Eg a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry, there are also some indices that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value, or others that consider hundreds of stocks.
Stock market indices serve as Indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and the performance of investments in stocks and shares in a company. In general, when investor confidence is lacking, the cost of shares goes down.
They also work to measure that performance of an asset manager and enable analysis of comparisons between profitability and risk; measure the chances of a financial asset or create portfolios.
This type of indicator was used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. watched closely how company stocks tended to rise or fall together in price, so he created two indices: one with the 20 largest railroad companies (it was the largest industry at the time) and 12 actions of other types of companies
Currently there are various indices and they can be grouped by geography, industry, company size or even asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq Index consists of the 100 largest companies primarily related to technology, such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA) , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
How is a stock index measured?
Each stock index has its own way of measuring it, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company it integrates. This is calculated by multiplying the daily value of the bond on the corresponding stock exchange by the total number of shares in circulation on the market.
Listed companies are obliged to do so present a balance its composition. This report must be disclosed every three or six months, as the case may be.
Reading a stock index also means noticing its changes over time. Current indices always open with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, misunderstandings can arise.
If one index gains 500 points in one day while another only adds 20 points, it might appear that the first index has outperformed. However, if the former started the day with 30,000 points and the other with 300 points, it can be assumed that the latter’s gains were more important in percentage terms.
What are the major stock indices?
Between major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which consists of 30 companies. Likewise the S&P500, composed of 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally she comes Nasdaq100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial companies.
On the other hand, the most outstanding indices are from Europe are the Euro Stoxx 50, covering the 50 largest companies in the eurozone. On the other hand, the DAX30, the main German index with the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE100 from the London Stock Exchange; the acc 40 the Paris Stock Exchange; and the Capricorn 35the Spanish stock exchange.
in the the Asian continentWe have that Nike 225, composed of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There are also those Composite SSE Index, which is listed as the most notable in China and consists of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the COSPI in South Korea.
Talk about Latin Americayou have the CPIwhich contains at 35 Most Consolidated Companies of the Mexico Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of these are part of the estate of tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is the Bovespa, composed of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; the merval from Argentina; the IPSA From Chile; the MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; the IBC from Caracas, composed of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise, there are MSCI world, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; the MSCI Emerging Markets, composed of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100composed of the 100 most powerful multinational companies in the world.